Investigating Socioeconomic Challenges of Iran During Sanctions

 

Volume 3, Issue 1, Number 1, Pages 18-36, Published Online January 20, 2015

Full-Text PDF

Author(s):

Dr. Maryam Sha’bani, Dr. Hojat Mahkoei and Elahe Ghorbani

ABSTRACT:

Socio-economic development and, generally, all aspects of development in a country, is the main and structural component of achieving development goals in very country. Based on its human and territory structure, Iran is recognized as a highly civilized country with a rich government history. Respecting the current status of most countries based on which being developed is considered as a success factor, Iran also tries to follow this path. But, what is governing the political, economic and social sphere is different and challenging. Because of various international sanctions during recent years Iran has faced undesirable socio-economic status associated with a great deal of different challenges influencing employment, inflation and depression, immigration, and marriage. The present paper employs descriptive – analytical methodology to explore economic challenges in Iran leading to more severe situations under sanctions. Findings indicate that an increase in unemployment rate, human capital flight, globalization and challenge with global economy are among the most important effective factors on Iran’s socioeconomic status. Results show that Iran has suppressed economic growth, high rates of unemployment and unfavourable demographic components now.

KEYWORDS:

Social Capital, Human Capital Flight, Population, Unemployment, Iran, Sanctions.

References:

Ahmadi, S. M. (2009). Corruption, prejudice, and poverty; the main developmental barriers in Iran. Handbook of social challenges of Iran. Komeil Publications.
Smith, L. (2012). World in 2050. Translation of M. Omidi & N. Zarin Panje. Mehrvista Publications. First edition.
Baymen, D. et al. (2008). The future of environment security in Middle East. Translation of N. Gobadzade et al. Tehran: Strategic Research Studies Publications.
Boutkin, D., & Koler, D. (2004). Recognizing the environment; earth the live planet. Translation of A. Vahabzade. Mashhad: Jihad Daneshgahi Publications. First edition.
Pourahmad, A. (2008). Territory and philosophy of geography. Tehran; University of Tehran Publications. Second edition.
Hafeznai, M. R. et al. (2010). Investigation and analysis of the role of population in geopolitics weight of Iran. Modarres Journal, 13(1).
Khalili, R. (2006). Iran in 21st century; challenges, opportunities, and solutions. Journal of Strategic Studies, 8(2).
Zamani, F. (2010). Significance of demography in land spatial planning (with emphasis on studies of provincial immigration). Journal of Population, 69-70.
Rouhani, H. (2012). National security and economic system of Iran. Tehran: Strategic Research Center Publications. Fourth edition.
Rezaei, Z. (2009). Social development in Iran; Indices and obstacles. Proceedings of Social Challenges of Iran Conference. Komeil Publications.
Fallahi, Q. (2009). Investigating the statistics of Iranian immigration to West. Proceedings of social challenges of Iran conference. Komeil Publications.
Gheysarian, E. (2010). Investigating the economic and social dimensions of ageing phenomenon in Iran. Journal of Population, 69-70.
Gharibi, H. (2012). Dynamism of regional population and its effects on sustainable security of Islamic Republic. Journal of Foreign Policy, 25.
Lori, D. E., & Camp, D. (2008). A green citizen, green democracy, green justice. Tehran: Akhtaran Publication. First edition.
Moyer, R. (2001). A novel introduction on political geography. Translation of D. Mirheydar with cooperation of R. Safavi. Tehran: Geographical Organization of Armed Forces Publications. First edition.
Nasiri, H. (2006). Sustainable national security. Journal of Political-Economical Information, 11-12.
Harvi, D. (2008). Neoliberalism of short history. Translation of M. Abdollahzade. Tehran: Akhtaran Publication. First edition.
Hood, R. (2008). Developmental geography in Iran and the world. Translation of F. Khani & N. Javadi. Tehran: Qooms Publications. First edition.
Yazdani, E., & Nozari Garmekhani, A. (2014, September). The effect of West sanctions on economic structure and political determination of Iran. Second International Conference of Economy under Sanction. Mazandaran: Troud Research Company.
– Camallonga ,José María Viñals & González Lismary Suárez (2012), “New economic sanctions against Iran: oil embargo and freeze of assets”, NEWSLETTER.
– Christopher Hill(2007), “Bringing War Home: Foreign Policy Making in Multicultural Society”, International Relations, Vol. 21, No. 3.
– Eeckhout, Piet, (2011), “EU External Relations Law” ,Oxford: Oxford University Press.

-IDEA Consult, (2012), “The Development and Diffusion of Environmental Technologies: Technology Transfer, Knowledge Flows and International Corporation”, Prepared for: European Commission Directorate General Environment.
-Dalby,Simon,(2006), Security and Environment Linkages Revisited, Publications under„State of Security and International Studies‟ are reflective articles that represent the state-of-the-art in the discipline.The views expressed are entirely the author‟s own and not that of the Institute of Defence and Strategic Studies
-Dalby,Simon,(2005),Geopolitics, Grand Strategy and the Bush Doctrine, Institute of Defence and Strategic Studies Singapore This Working Paper series presents papers in a preliminary form and serves to stimulate comment and discussion. The views expressed are entirely the author‟s own and not that of the Institute of Defence and Strategic Studies, OCTOBER, p 31
– Krever, mick,( jul/3/2014) More Iran sanctions would bolster suspicion that U.S. goal is regime change,U.S. intelligence veteran says, available at, http//www.amanpour.blogs.cnn.com
-http://www.bultannews.com/fa/news/88734
-Ilias, Shayerah(2010), “Iran‟s Economic Conditions: U.S. Policy Issues, CRS Report for Congress”, at: www.crs.gov.
-Jentleson , Bruce W.(2007), Sanctions against Iran: Key Issues, A Century Foundation Report.
-Haak, Andreas and Michael Brüggemann(2012), “The Iran Embargo Overview on Latest Developments and Outlook”, at: www.theworldlawgroup.com.

 

No comments

Be the first one to leave a comment.

Post a Comment


 


INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL

Events 2016

1

Events 2016

1