Government-Technology-University Model and Its Effect on Home Business


Volume 4, Issue 2, Number 7, Pages 89-100, Published Online April 20, 2016

Full-Text PDF


Nesa Rezaee, Hamed Alipour Hafezi and Azin Rahmati


Today, the systematic interaction between science, technology, and economic systems is clearly evident, and since development of scientific technology and investment in science is goal-, economy-, and technology-oriented, scientists do not consider specific borders between new technologies and sciences. Governments acknowledge the importance of higher education institutes as strategic actors in the scene of national and regional development, and thus they allocate special credits to specific outputs of scientific and technological collaborations. Hence, the government-university-technology relationship and its effect on entrepreneurship and creation of home businesses in Iran call for research and investigation. The research objective was to discover the effects three leverages, namely government, technology, and university, on each other and on creation and identification of entrepreneurship opportunities especially for home businesses. Research results suggest that these three axes lead to innovation, which results in entrepreneurship opportunities. The aforementioned opportunities may also lead to formation of home businesses (businesses operating from home). In this paper, the third mission of universities in addition to education and research, which is economic development, is discussed with regard to and home business and entrepreneurship as a means of adapting to Iran’s national needs. The relationship between university and technology, which is targeted at business development, forms part of Iran’s inclusive long-term scientific and technological policy. The present research was a desktop study, which was carried out using the field research method based on desktop investigations.


Triple helix model, university and industry, entrepreneurship, home business.


Allen, G. C. (1981). “A short economic history of modern Japan”. 4th ed. London: acmillan.
Bank, J., and B.Wilpert. (1983). “What’s so special about quality circles”. Journal of General Management 9 (1): 21-37.
Brennan, M and wall, A.l, (2005), “Academic entrepreneurship, assessing preferences in nacent entrepreneurs”, Journal of small business and development, 12 (1) pp.307-322.
Carayannis, Elias G, David F.J Campbell (2010). “Triple helix, Quadruple helix and quintuple helix and how do knowledge, innovation and the environment relate to each other? A proposed framework for a trans-disciplinary analysis of sustainable development”. Vol 1, pp.41-69.
Caraynnis, Elias G., David F.J Campbell (2009). “Model 3 and Quadruple Helix”: toward a 21 st century fractal innovation ecosystem. International journal of technology management. Vol 46, pp.201-234.
Danilda, Inger malin lindberg, britt-marie torstensson (2009). “Woman resource centres. A Quattro helix innovation system on the European agenda”. pp: 20.
Etzkowitz, H. (2008), “the Triple Helix: University-Industry-Government Innovation in action”, Routledge, London.
Etzkowitz, H. and Loet L. (2008), “the dynamics of innovation: from national systems and model2, to a tripe helix of university: industry-government relations” research policy, Vol.29. No, 2 pp.109-23.
Etzkowitz, Henry, et al. (2000). “The future of the university and the University of the Future. Evolution of ivory tower to entrepreneurial paradigm.” Research policy, 29. P.313.
Etzkowitz, Henry. (1998) “The norms of entrepreneurial science: cognitive effects of the new university- industry” Research policy 27. P 823.
Etzkowitz, Henry. (1998) “The second academic revolution and rise of entrepreneurial science” IEEE Technology and society. P.18-22.
Etzkowitz, Henry; LEYDESDORFF, Loet. (1996). “Universities and the global knowledge economy: a triplex helix of University-Industry-Government relations”. Book of abstracts. Amsterdam:University of Amsterdam, 1996.
Franklin, S.J, et al. (2001). “Academic and Surrogate Entrepreneurs in University Spin- out Companies.” Journal of Technology Transfer, 26,127-141.
H.H and Jaarillo J.C. (1990). “A Paradigm of entrepreneurship” stevesnson management. p11.
Siegel D., Wright M, Ensley M and Locket A., (2005). “The cerati on of spin-of firms at public research instituits: Managerial and policy implications”, research policy, 34 (7), pp.981-993
Maital, S. (1984). “The economic analysis of the Japanese firm”. Sloan Business Review 26(1): 77-78.
Maital, S. (1984). “The economic analysis of the Japanese firm”. Sloan Business Review 26(1): 78-91.
OECD. (2001). “Knowledge Management in the learning society”.
Plonski A. (1996). “Beyond triads: an institutional approach to knowledge-based economic development” paper presented at the triple helix conference, Amsterdam.
Kirby D, Guerrero-cano, M and Urbano D, (2006), “A Litrature Review on enteperneurial universities: An Instituional Approach”, the 3rd conference of pre-communications too congresses, Business Economic Department, Autonomous University of Barcelona.
Stanworth, J., Blythe, S., Granger, B., & Stanworth, C. (1989). “Who becomes an entrepreneur?” International Small Business Journal, 8, 11–22.
Wallace MJ, Szilagy AD. (1987). “Entrepreneurship and Management” strategic Management journal. P17.
Warner, M. (1996). “Total quality management. In International encyclopedia of business andmanagement”, vol. 5, edited by M. Warner, 4884-901. London: Thomson Business Press.

Womack, James P., et al. (1990). “The machine that changed the world”. New York: Rawson Associates.
Kiyakajoori, Davood, Azad, Hajar and Azad, Mostafa. (2012). “University entrepreneurship education and its role in creating and developing Small Businesses by SMEs management knowledge”, National Conference on entrepreneurship and small business management knowledge, Tehran. (In Persian).
GolMohammadZadeh, Aida, (2013). “Exploring the impact of development of industry and academia on the rise of entrepreneurship in Tehran University”. Mater thesis. Payam Noor University, Tehran Branch. (In Persian).
Taheri, Shahnam. (1995). “Exploring collaboration between industry and academia in developing countries”. The fourth seminar on the relationship between industry and academia. (In Persian).
Naghavi, Seyed Ali and Fallah, Hamed. (2012). “Exploring the relationship between academia and industry with an entrepreneurial approach”. National Conference on Entrepreneurship and Management Knowledge-based businesses. (In Persian).
Hamrahi, Morteza, Yazdian, Vahid and Rahmani, Mojdeh. (2002), “Communication solutions to government, industry and academia”. Sixth Congress of cooperation between government, academia and industry for national development. (In Persian).


No comments

Be the first one to leave a comment.

Post a Comment



Events 2016


Events 2016